Cartons on pallets, example 3

The pallets are incorrectly packed and are not fit for container transport. The gaps in the stow (1) may result in damage. There is no interlayer dunnage between the pallets and cartons (2).
Inadequate packing of the cartons has given rise to gaps which promote damage (3).
  Poorly packed section in a standard container

This ship en route for Israel has to pass through the North Sea, the English Channel and the Bay of Biscay, all regions which often suffer unfavorable sea conditions. Secure packing could easily have been achieved:
  Excellently packed section in a standard container

If the pallets had been made two centimeters wider, they could have been packed flush. Interlayer dunnage made of plywood or chipboard is placed on the pallets, while the same material is used as side dunnage against the container walls. In this way, the cartons fit in the second layer without gaps and would even be protected from sweat from the container sides. If there were any risk of sweat formation, top dunnage of special nonwoven fabric or similar material would have to be laid.

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