|14.1 Cargo information as part of the Transport Information Service (TIS)|
TIS is an information service which is available to all transport professionals and those interested in the subject and is to be found on the Internet at www.tis-gdv.de. The aim and purpose of TIS is to provide transport professionals with the specific information necessary for transport to pass of as far as possible without loss. The center-piece of TIS is the cargo information pages. In addition to cargo information, you will find information about packaging, containers, transport insurance, load securing and conference papers dealing with cargo insurance.
The German transport insurance market has always been primarily a cargo insurance market. Thus, the loss prevention work carried out by the Loss Prevention Committee (competent section of the Transport technical committee within the Gesamtverband der Deutschen Versicherungswirtschaft e.V. (GDV, German Insurers' Association)) primarily focuses on the cargo. Since the turn of the century, information about different goods has been collected and published, so as to prevent losses caused by incorrect treatment or storage during voyages. Since every loss of quality suffered by a cargo means an insurance loss, the first aim of transport must be to supply the cargo to the receiver without any impairment of quality. As transport speeds have increased and the various means of transport have become more high-tech (ventilation, refrigeration, heating), it has become possible to transport sensitive goods. The interest in this type of transport is very great, since such goods are, and always have been, lucrative for the ex- and importer. For transport companies (shipping companies, carriers, handling companies etc.), this type of transport is of interest, since higher freight rates can be obtained than for non-sensitive goods due to the higher level of cargo care (ventilation, refrigeration, heating).
Depending on the terms of the contract, the risk is shifted from the ex- or importer to the transport insurer. This explains the cargo insurers' strong interest in loss-free transport. As the means of transport have become more high-tech, it has become possible to transport more sensitive, high-quality goods. The risk of spoilage or loss of quality, which may be equated with an insurance loss, has historically been and still is shifted onto the transport insurer. Thus, the transport insurers' need for information about different goods and how to transport them without loss has increased.
At the beginning of the 1990s, the Loss Prevention Committee decided to set up an electronic information system containing the above-stated extensive information about goods and means of transport.
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