|13.11.1 Natural shrinkage/shortage|
|Natural shrinkage/shortage or loss of volume (= weight loss) in international trade is governed by contractual agreements. Loss of volume or weight loss is regarded as damage, if the contractually agreed or commercially customary tolerance volumes are exceeded.
Natural shrinkage/shortage may be caused by temperature, humidity/moisture and other natural influences, such as drying (out), consumption by respiration processes, disintegration, turning to dust (trickle losses), volatilization in the case of essential oils and spices, shrinkage of lumber.
Further examples are:
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